Are you a major fan of hot sauces and salsa? Do you wish you could make your own straight from scratch, but you are unsure of what kind of peppers to use? In this article, we will list the steps and tips you need to successfully grow and harvest the best kinds of hot peppers straight from your kitchen or garden.
Why Should I Grow And Harvest My Own Hot Peppers?
There are several reasons why you should grow your own hot peppers at home. The main reason is that home grown peppers have a large variety, meaning you can choose from a wide range of different colors, sizes, shapes, and flavors. Hot peppers that are grown at home are also better tasting and tend to last longer. Peppers are also prolific producers, which means it is well worth the time and investment to plant a few seeds and get hundreds of peppers in return.
How Should I Plant And Grow Hot Peppers?
Before you even consider planting hot peppers, check and make sure that it is warm enough, both indoors and out. In order to grown properly, Hot plants need at least 70 degrees of heat, though it is best to grow them in 80 degrees. Hot peppers do not fare well if the temperature is below 60 degrees, so keep an constant eye on the whether, especially at night when cold spells can occur. However, don’t let hot peppers get too hot; if the temperature is above 90 degrees, it can cause the plant’s flowers to fall off and negatively affect yields.
When you first plant the seeds, use a heating pad if you don’t have enough warmth. You can also keep a layer of plastic wrap over the soil to keep it warm and moist until the seeds sprout. Keep the plants and seedlings covered if the temperature drops below 60 degrees.
When Should I Plant Hot Peppers?
It is best to start the seedlings indoors about eight to ten weeks before the last frost in your area is due This usually means starting the plants in the middle of May to late June. You must also pick a pepper that is best suited for your region and climate. Also, try to look for disease and insect free plants if you are using transplants.
Water And Other Care For Hot Peppers
Hot pepper plants do not need a lot of water, but the soil should not be dry either. Use soil that is well drained, sandy, or silt loam with a pH of 6.0 or 8.5. Also use a layer of Epsom salt for added magnesium.
If planting outdoors, choose a site that is sunny and has well drained soil. Avoid transplanting right away; allow the plant to adjust to the outdoors.
Before you pick the peppers, decide what kind of flavor you want. For a milder flavor, pick them when they are still green. For full flavor, wait until they are ripe.